146 – Container Shipping
This episode is a conversation about the world-wide container shipping infrastructure with Martin Clausen, the former general counsel of Maersk and Nicolas Guilbert from Ange Optimization. We discuss the history of containers, routing, some details about the ships and container terminals as well as a brief outlook on the future of the container shipping industry. In part two we take a deeper look at optimisation of container stowage on ships and network planning.
Links for Martin’s Part:
- Maersk Line
- Maersk (WP)
- Ange Optimization
- Twenty-foot equivalent unit (WP)
- Fourty-foot equivalent unit (WP)
- Gantry crane (WP)
- Mode of transport (WP)
- Sea-Land Service (WP)
- Malcom McLean (WP)
- Container Homes and Buildings | The Owner-Builder Network
- Mediterranean Shipping Company SA: MSC
- MSC Container line (WP)
- CMA CGM: A worldwide leading container shipping group
- CMA CGM (WP)
- Hamburg Süd Group
- Hamburg Süd (WP)
- Hapag-Lloyd – Global container liner shipping
- Hapag Lloyd (WP)
- COSCO (WP)
- NYK Line – Nippon Yusen Kaisha
- ZIM Integrated Shipping Services
- United Arab Shipping Company
- Freight forwarder (WP)
- Daily Maersk – Maersk Line
- Port of Tanjung Pelepas (WP)
- Canadian Pacific – Canadian Pacific
- canadian pacific railway (WP)
- Port Said (WP)
- Bunker (WP)
- Fuel Oil
- Germanischer Lloyd (WP)
- Daewoo SME (WP)
- Hyundai Heavy Industries (WP)
- Samsung Heavy Industries (WP)
- Predictive maintenance (WP)
- IMO | International Maritime Organization
- IMO Rules (WP)
- All Is Lost (2013)
- All is lost (WP)
- United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (WP), the …
- Force majeure (WP)
- General average (WP)
- Refrigerated container (WP)
- Controlled Atmosphere – Hapag-Lloyd
- Lighter aboard ship (WP)
- P3 Network News | P3 Network Alliance
- MV Maersk Alabama (WP)
Links for Nicolas’ Part:
- Angelstow – Stowage optimization (includes screenshots)
- Linova – Network Optimizer
- Capman – Capacity and Pricing (link dead)
- Stylo – Terminal Optimization (link dead)
- Linear Programming (WP)
- Simplex Algorithm (WP)
- Polytope (WP)
- Gaussian Elimination (WP)
- Sensitivity Analysis (WP)
- Nice EBook I found on Numerical Math
- Rubber Tyred Gantry Crane (WP)
- Straddle Carrier (WP)
Since I (once again) forgot to thank the people who contributed questions in the episode, I’ll do it in writing here: Marc Saric, Jake Brownson, Clive van Hilten, Christian Amlinger, Bastian Hundt, Thomas Tröndlin, Georg Kellerer, Sebastian Spindler, Jürgen Starek, @Bugspriet, @taknil, William Kane.
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I find this site very useful for my students project work.
Capt. Marijan Toncic, Prof.
Gymnasium, Electronics and High Maritime School Piran
Excellent, immediately replayed the whole 2.5hrs. This is the great thing about these podcasts – no commercial pressure to cut this to a 30min slot.
I agree – this is why I love listening to podcasts as well. And many cover long tail topics “nobody” is interested in.
Interesting topic. Eagerly awaiting the followup(s) you mentioned. Thanks a lot for publishing these interviews!
Don’t wait for it :-) I am sure this will take a while.
Many topics do not appear interesting until somebody talks about it…
I have yet to listen to the podcast (which I very much look forward too), but I want to ask if there are some popular books about the subjects worth linking. I didn’t notice any in the shownotes.
Also Markus, it would be awesome if you would publish a list of books that served as inspiration for various episodes. For example, Shadow Divers very a great read, but I’m sure there are many more you could recommend!
I am actually not a big book reader, I don’t have the time (I do a lot of audiobooks, because I can do that in parallel to other stuff – like podcasts :-)). So I’m sorry I cannot help you with this :-)
The Box (http://www.amazon.com/The-Box-Shipping-Container-Smaller/dp/0691136408) is very good.
@Vojtech, the book is also available as an audio book – maybe useful for you as a podcast listeners :-) http://www.audible.com/pd/History/The-Box-Audiobook/B00I2XMFLO
Very good episode. Enjoyed it very much!
I missed the aspect, that nowadays you can book a cabin with full board residential on some of the container ships with the help of specialized travel agencies. This is an alternative to reach destinations all over the world – if you have the time. It costs more than a flight, but you are served for weeks and not for hours.
It gives a relaxing way for travelling by slowing down your speed, experience the ship and the way it goes, and it offers plenty of time for thinking about your life, reading books, compared to a an ordinary flight. (because the journey is the reward!!)
Yes indeed, we should have talked about that. Thanks for the addition!
A fascinating insight into a world that exists outside of most people’s experience. I’ve often wondered about the life of containers when I see them in the port. Thanks for another excellent episode.
I almost skipped over this episode thinking that the topic was not going to be that exciting but it was both interesting and enjoyable.
Skipping is never a good idea :-)
I have just being introduced to this podcast via The Airplane Geeks. Very enjoyable!
A couple of non-standard aircraft moves on container ships that I know of:
A Mitsubishi A6M Zero was shipped, fully assembled, from California to New Zealand (and return). It was placed on a frame, which was as long as a forty-foot unit, and I think five wide. Hoisted into the deck, and surrounded by standard containers.
A DH Mosquito was loaded into a custom-built sixty-foot container, and shipped from NZ to the USA. The single-piece wing is over fifty feet long, so two forty-foot units were combined and shortened, with a raised roof in the centre section. Photos via:
Thanks Errol. Talking about airplanes in containers, there is also the European gliding community who sends gliders to Australia and Africa every winter. For example you can refer to this page: http://www.australian-soaring-corowa.com/container%20transport.php
Great episode as always. I’m listening to new ones and working through the back catalogue.
I didn’t know the fuel used was solid at room temperature. That was interesting. Fractional distillation of oil gives jet fuel at one end of the spectrum and ship fuel at the other.
Wow. I wouldn’t have dared to imagined that it is possible to get two-and-a-half hours of interesting, information-packed conversation out of this seemingly everyday subject. Goooooood work.
Very good episode with excellent guests!
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I think you’re going to love this episode of 99% invisible as a complement to this one http://99percentinvisible.org/episode/reefer-madness/
Thanks, great fit :-)
This was a great episode. I just remembered this, because of the latest episode in the (German speaking) Küchenradio podcast. It’s two and a half hours of international shipping and also a great listen:
I would also be interested in more shipping/logistics topics.
Thanks Tom. Yes, I listened to that Küchenradio episode as well. Very nice. I have some more shipping episodes in the queue, so stay tuned :-)
Back in the mid 70’s I worked as a “Programmer/Analyst” for Maher Terminals (when they were much smaller) writing applications for containerized shipping in, of all languages, MUMPS. We ran online transaction processing on 3 DEC PDP-15’s, supporting around 30 users each. Each machine had somewhere between 100 and 200 K of core…(yes, core). Trucks entered the yard at guardhouses that had terminals, and the guards had to enter the container’s information into the system before the container could enter. You can just imaging how irate the truckers were if the application crashed.
If you’re one of those Omega Tau listeners (like me) that enjoys the minutiae, read on… Containers are labeled with a unique ID consisting of 4 letters, 6 numbers, and a check digit. The first three letters identify the shipper, the fourth letter is a “U”, and the check digit is there to make sure that the first 10 characters are typed in correctly. Wikipedia has the check digit calculation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_6346#Check_Digit). I once route a routine to do this but have long since forgotten the algorithm!
I am an English listener from the United States. I am thoroughly enjoying these podcasts. I found this site, Omega Tau, while searching for podcasts on string theory. My interests vary over a wide area. I thought this episode on shipping containers would be interesting and it is. Like a couple others I’ve listened to so far, it is informative and educational, also humorous and entertaining. Thanks for doing these.
You’re welcome :-)
There is in fact an example on how futuristic containers were seen in the early 1970s: In the German TV series “Alpha Alpha” the operation base of the unnamed organisation was inside of a container:
Very interesting episode. Great guest.
Thanks for the amazing knowledge library created with all the great omega tau episodes.